A timeline of modern English history
1485 Early Tudor Dynasty, Henry VII ascend to the throne
Central royal authority was strengthened and feudal private armies were suppressed.
1487Lambert Simnels Rebellion
1509End of the reign of Henry VII –Beginning of Henry VIII's reign
1513Battle of Foldden English victory over
1514The wars start with
1517End wars with
1520(June 7) Formation of a short-lived alliance between Henry VIII and Francis I of
1527Henry VIII Divorce Crisis Begins
1530Henry VII begins the process of breaking with the papacy
Period of internal instability associated with the founding of the new church
1534Church of England established, internal turmoil
1542Another war with France and Scotland
French landings on the English coast between 1545 and 1546
convince Henry VIII to embark on a major shipbuilding program.
Home of the modern Royal Navy.
Beginning of construction of the coastal fortification system.
1547Death of Henrique VIII -Beginning of Edward IV's reign
As Edward IV was not old enough to reign,Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, reigned as regent.
Royal forces under John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, quelled a peasant rebellion
The setbacks in the wars with France
The French triumph at the Battle of Houlogne. The Scots retake Haddington.
and noble dissatisfaction with their liberal ideas.
Warwick, Duke of Northumberland, becomes Regent.
1553 Death of Edward IV
(June 6-19) Northumberland Revolt After the death of Edward VI. Northumberland tried to bring her daughter-in-law to justice.Frau Jane Grau, on the throne in place of the rightful heir, Edward's sister Mary. Northumberland was taken prisoner and Jane was deposed andexecuted after a reign of nine days.
1553beginning ofreign of Mary I
Restoration of Catholicism in
Her marriage to Philip of Spain contributed to religious turmoil
many English Catholics joined the Protestants without suspecting
1554Rebellion in Kent Led by Sir Thomas Wyatt, Sir Thomas Carew and the Duke of Suffolk, it was an attempt to stop Mary's marriage to Philip. Wyatt was defeated and overpowered trying to take
1555Persecution of Protestants begins
1557The war begins with the marriage of France Mary, leading to English involvement.
1558End of the reign of Maria I /Beginning of Elizabeth I's reign(Sister of Edward VI and Mary I) Elizabeth returns
Intervention in Scotland British forces support the Scots against French forces
1568Beginning of a period of growing hostilities between
1570papal bull explained
1573Temporary approach with
1580Sir Francis Drake Completes His Circumnavigation of the World Drake invades the Spanish and Portuguese colonies and sails his way.
1585English military aid to HollandHenry Sidney, Earl of Lester, brings an army of 6,000 men
Drake's Caribbean Expeditions An English expedition commanded by Sir Francis Drake was dismissed
(April-June) Drake Expedition to Cádiz Aware of Spanish plans for the next Armada, Drake leaves for
20 of May- The army is leaving
July, 19- Navy off the coast of
July 20th- Lord Howard of Effingham, commander of the English forces, embarks with them
July 21st- The Spaniards lose a ship in clashes outside
July 23- No casualties on either side as a result of this all-day battle.
July 25th- Battle of
July 26-27- The Armada anchored off Calis, but was unable to supply due to the blockade of
July 28th- The British send lightships to the Spanish fleet, which responds by dropping anchor and sailing up the coast while taking heavy casualties from long-range English fire.
July 29-30- Adverse winds prevent the Spanish fleet from landing in any part of the
August 2- The English fleet interrupts the pursuit of the Armada and returns to its ports of origin.
August september- The Navy suffers heavy casualties on the way back
15894,000 English soldiers land
1591A small English force landed at St Malo and
1594Tyrone's Rebellion in Ireland The endemic rebellion in Ireland erupted into all-out war under the leadership of Hugh O'Neil, Earl of Tyrone.
1596English troops landed in an attack
1598British defeated by Irish at the Battle of Yellowford on the Blackwater River.
1603 Tod von Elisabeth I,end of the Tudor dynasty,
Start of the Stuart dynasty with the reign of James I.
British victory Irish-Spanish forces are defeated at the Battle of Kinsale. O'Neil surrenders and is pardoned by James I.
1604October 24 - Union of Great Britain The Union of Crowns of
1605The Gunpowder Plot, the Last Great Catholic Plot
1624Participation in the Thirty Years' War James sends a small force of 1,200 men to the continent to help Frederick of Prussia and Christian IV of Denmark. This army collapses in 1625 due to lack of training and supplies.
1625 End of reign of James I, beginning of reign of Charles I
1626Beginning of the Anglo-French War.
1627The Duke of Buckingham's expedition to the Isle of Re near La Rochelle in support of the Huguenots ended in defeat.
1628Buckingham assassinated while preparing another expedition against the French.
May - Petition of Right lists parliamentary complaints against the King.
1630November 5 - Peace with
1639First Bishop's War
18 June Dunse Temporary Compromise Agreement pacified
1640Hostilities of the Second Bishops' War resumed
The Commons' April–May "short parliament" denied Charles financial support for the war.
August 28, Scots defeat Charles's forces at Newburn, Northumberland and
November - Temporary end of hostilities by Treaty of Ripon.
3 November – Triennial Law of the "Long Parliament" passed by Charles I
1641October - Outbreak of the Irish War Eruption of the Irish Rebellion
out of disgust with the politics of Count von
1 December – Law of the Great Protest passed by Parliament, listing the grievances against Charles I.
Abolition of Council Courts, Abolition of Fiscal Privilege, Triennial Bill.
1642January 3 Charles tries to arrest 5 leaders of the House of Commons, attempt fails.
March: Charles rejects Parliament's attempt to take control of the army.
June: Parliament raises an army of 24,000 men
August - Charles begins to increase his army.
1643The armies of kings have the advantage.
The Scots invade alongside Parliament
1644Parliamentary armies benefit from this
June – Battle of
1645Insurrection of armed neutral "Clubmen" threatens both sides
Royalist armies crumble
Parliamentary Troops reorganize into NewModelArmy
1646The King surrenders to the Scots
Bishops and Book of Common Prayer abolished
Established Presbyterian Church
1647Army rebels Radical movements criticize parliamentary tyranny
1648Second Civil War Scots are now on the King's side and are defeated
1649judgment &Execution of Charles IEngland becomes a republic
Rump Unicameral Government Parliament
Oliver Cromwell begins the total conquest of Ireland in 1650
1650Cromwell begins the conquest of
1651Thomas Hobbes' audienceLeviathan
1652The First Dutch War begins
1653Cromwell dissolves Parliament Rump Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of Great Britain, constitution written.
1654End of the First Dutch War
1655start of war with
Royalist uprising Rise of Penruddock, utter failure
1658Cromwell dies and is succeeded by his son Richard
1659Richard is taken down by the army. Rump is restored, but displeases the army
1660Restoration of the Stuarts - Charles II ascends the throne
1662Church of England Restored
1663Failure of the first real attempt to grant religious toleration
1665Second Anglo-Dutch War begins
Great Last Outbreak of the Great Plague
1666The Great Fire of
1667The Second Anglo-Dutch War ends
1672The Third Anglo-Dutch War begins
Failure of second royal attempt to grant religious toleration
1674The Third Anglo-Dutch War ends
1679The Beginning of the Whig and Tory Exclusion Crisis
1685February 6 – James II ascends to the throne
1688 William of Orange fell James II fledthe country
1689February 13th -William of Orange and Mary Queen of Scots named joint sovereignsvon
The Irish War Begins
1690Battle of the Boyne William III defeats Irish and French armies
1691The Irish War ends the English victory
Death of Queen Mary
1697The Civil List Act Parliament approves funds for the upkeep of the royal household.
1699The February Dissolution Act Parliament reduced the size of the British standing army to 7,000 to accommodate William III's involvement. to limit continental warfare.
1700Imports of Indian muslin and printed calico are prohibited.
1701June 12Equalization Act of Parliamentclaims that the English crown
will go to the Electors of Hanover, through Sophia, granddaughter of James I,
after Anne, daughter of James II reigned.
September 16 James II dies in
Beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession
1702 Death of William III, Anne Stuart ascends to the throne
1705newly arrived fire truck
17071st MayUnion of England and Scotlandcreate united
1708James Edward, the suitor, lands on
and he comes back
Abraham Darby Arrienda Coalbrookdale
1710 Fall of Whig Ministry Conservatives come to power - Harley Ministry
1713End of the War of the Spanish Succession of
1714August 1 – Death of Anne Stuart, beginning of the Hanoverian dynasty under George I, Elector of Hanover.
1715September - Jacobite Rebellion in Scotland begins. First hits, arrives James Edward
1716Septenal Law No Parliament can sit for more than seven years without an election
February: The Jacobite rising is crushed. James Edward Returns
1719Spanish Expedition to Scotland The Spanish fleet, sailing to Scotland to bring Stuart to the throne, is scattered by a storm and fails to reach its destination.
1720South Sea Bubble Many investors go bankrupt after speculating on South Sea Company stock
The use of pure cotton clothing is prohibited.
1727George I dies, George II becomes king
start of war with
1729end of war with
1730Lord Townshend retires from service to devote himself to improving agriculture
1733excise duty crisis
Kay's flying ship is invented
Horse-hoeing Posted by Jethro Tull, Husbandry
1737Death of Queen Caroline
1738The Lewis Paul Roll Spinning Machine is Invented
1739Beginning of the Anglo-Spanish naval war "War of Jenkin's Ear".
1740Beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession
1742fall of masonry pole
1745James Edward returns to the beginning of The Forty-Five
1746The End of the Suppressed Scottish Rebellion "Forty-Five", James Edward Returns
1748End of "The War of Jenkin's Ear" with
End of the War of the Austrian Succession Peace v
1749Suppressed ironworks in the American colonies
1751War between English and French
1752Adoption of the Gregorian calendar
1754War between English and French colonists in
1756Beginning of the Seven Years' War
1758The thresher is invented
1760death of George II,Accession of George III
Carron Iron Works opens
1761Wilkinson installs furnaces in Bersham
1763End of the Seven Years War Peace
1764Hargreaves spinning machine was invented
1765American Stamp Act to pay for the defense of American colonies
1768Grafton service begins
Cook's first Pacific voyage begins
1769James Watt's patented steam engine
The patented Arkwright "Water Frame"
1770 LordNorth's service begins
1773Boston Tea Party protesting the East India Company's monopoly on tea exports to the American colonies
1774Compulsions authorized in retaliation by the Boston Tea Party
Arkwright Patented Card
Wear cool clothes made from pure cotton
Priestley discovered oxygen
1775por Thomas SpenceThe true rights of manPublished
The American War of Independence began
1776American Declaration of Independence
by Edward GibbonDecline and Fall of the Roman EmpirePublished
por Adam Smithwealth of nationsPublished
1779Invented Crompton mule
1782 Second Rockingham Ministry
1784The Henry Cort Puddle process has been patented
Sino-cylindrical method of percale printing.
Andrew Meikles Thresher
Watt's Double Action Steam Engine
ministry of mines
1785Steam engines were first used in spinning machines.
Arkwright patents invalidated
New Lanark Mills founded by David Dale
Cartwright's first patent for an electric loom
1791Publication of The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine
Jenny yarn applied to wool
1792Coal and gas for lighting.
1793outbreak of war with
Eli Whitney Cotton Desmotter
Business depression begins
1794Habeas Corup suspended
1795The "Speenhamland" allowance system adjusted wages to the cost of living
Beginning of the United Irish Revolt
1796Introduction of smallpox vaccination
1797The United Irishmen revolt is brutally crushed by British forces
Bank of England cash payments suspended
british navy mutiny
1798Malthus's Essay on Population is first published
Income Tax (10% on income over £200)
1799Napoleon becomes the first consul in France
Beginning of the commercial boom
Unions repressed by the Combined Law
Abolition of easement for Scottish miners
Restricted free trade between Great Britain and
end of business boom
The first British census put the population at 8,892,536
1802peace with france
Peel introduces the first factory legislation
West Indies Dock Completed
Improved and patented Horrock loom
The General Liquidation Law simplifies the process of regularizing ejidos
1805Battle of Trafalgar Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleets
1806 Pitt's death, Lord Grenville becomes Prime Minister
1807Abolition of the slave trade
1808Peninsular War begins
East India Docks open
1809The economic boom begins
1811depression sets in
Riots played in Nottinghamshire
1812start of war with
Napoleon's Russian Campaign
1813The East India Company's monopoly was abolished
Henry Bell's steamship Comet sails on the Clyde
1814Stephenson locomotive used to haul coal
Revocation of apprentice status
1815Battle of Waterloo
congress of vienna
Corn Law Approved
Beginning of a commercial boom
The savannah crossed the
1820 Death of George III, Accession of George IV
Bank of England resumes cash payments
1822The Greek War of Independence begins
1823End of the Irish famine
1824The commercial boom begins
Revocation of laws against the export of machines and artisans
Business depression begins
1829 catholic emancipation
formed metropolitan police
1830death of George IV,Accession of William IV
1831Swing riots farm workers protesting mechanization of agriculture
1832law of the great reformIntroduces the £10 Voter franchise
1833Factory Law Limiting Child Labor
1834Slavery was abolished
The Great Consolidated National Union is formed
1835Business Boom: The Great Railroad Building Boom Begins
1837death of William IV.Adhesion of Vitória I
1838People's Charter Project
Abertura da Great Western Railway
conquest of Hong Kong
Beginning of the Afghan War
1840Railway Regulation Law
1841 Tories take over, Peel becomes prime minister
1842revived income tax
end of the afghan war
1843end of the Opium War
1844The Railroad Building Boom Begins Episode Cheep Train Act
The Irish Potato Famine Begins
First telegraph in
1846Corn law abolished
Peel resignsMr. John Russelwill be pm
Last great Chartist demonstration
1949Revocation of Navigation Laws
Undersea cables laid through the
1852Russell resignsEarl of Derbywill be pm
1854The Crimean War begins
1855The newspaper's rights are revoked
1856Ende des Krimkrieges
1857The Second Opium War begins
Start of production of aniline dyes
1858End of the Second Opium War
Indian Mutiny and Law of India
Palmerston resigns, Lord Derby becomes Prime Minister
Great London builders' strike
1860Anglo-French treaty "Cobden"
1861Death of Albert, Prince Consort
American Civil War causes cotton shortage
1862Limited liability law promotes commercial interests
1865October - Palmerston's death, Russell becomes Prime Minister
Undersea cables laid through the
1867Canada's Domain Law
Second House Reform Law in the Federal Districts
1868February: Disraeli becomes Prime Minister (Conservative)
Irish church dissolved
debt prison is over
Elementary School Law
1871Buying by commission in the army has been abolished.
1874Disraeli forms conservative government
1875The British government buys most of the Suez Canal
Agricultural depression deepens due to new grain shipments
enact compulsory schooling
1877Confederation of British and Boer States in
1879The economic depression is deepening
Zulu it was
The light bulb is invented
1880First Anglo-Boer War
manufactured synthetic indigo
Approved the Employer Responsibility Law
Triple Alliance between
Home Franchise Counties Third Reform Act
First autonomy project for
Gold found in the Transvaal
Chartered by the Royal Niger Company
1886Conservatives are coming back to power
1887Chartered British East Africa Company
Appointed Agricultural Board
Company licensed in British South Africa
1892Liberals are coming back to power
1893Second self-government bill rejected by the House of Lords
Independent Labor Party founded
1897Workers' Compensation Act
The expansion of the German fleet begins
1899May-June First Hague Peace Conference
The second Anglo-Boer War begins
1900"Khaki" choice won by Salisbury
Australian Commonwealth Law
1901 Death of Victoria I - Edward VII becomes King
End of the Boer War Peace of Vereeniging
1903Tariff reform campaign started
The Wright brothers make the first airplane flight
Imperial Defense Committee (Committee of Esher)
major reorganization of the British armed forces in light of the experiences of the Boer War
1905 The Campbell-Bannerman Liberal Government
Beginning of Haldane's military reform
1906Launch of the H.M.S Dreadnought First battleship with large guns and 10 12" guns.
Established Labor Party
1908 beginning of Asquith's Liberal government
pension plan introduced
Introduction of the eight-hour day in coal mining
1910 Death of Edward VII - Accession of George V
Churchill Job Boards introduced
Heavy rail, mining, and coal strikes that lasted until 1912
1912Failure of Anglo-German naval talks
First minimum wage laws for miners
Beginning of the Balkan War
1913End of the Balkan War Peace of London
1914Third law of autonomy for
March 20 - Curragh "Mutiny" Brigadier General Hubert Gough resigns
instead of carrying out orders that would have forced them to coerce the population
Ulster accepts self-rule between southern separatists
June 28 – Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo
4. August -
Unofficial attack on Clyde
Miners strike in South Wales
1916Battle of the Somme
Battle of Jutland
Lloyd George succeeds Asquith as Prime Minister
1917Battle of Passchendaele
Ministry of Food reorganized
1918November 11 - End of World War I
1919Treaty of Versailles
London police strike
National Railway Strike.
1920civil war in ireland
Deflation begins and prices fall
first date of
1922Lloyd-George-Fall,Bonar Law leads the Conservative government
1923Bonar Law resigns
1924January -First Labor government led by MacDonald
19263 to 12 May - general strike
The gold standard collapses
1932The Ottoawa Conference introduces imperial preferences in intra-American trade
1935Conservatives win elections.
18 June Anglo-German Naval Agreement German tonnage would not exceed 35% of British tonnage.
(This strange arrangement
September - Crisis in Ethiopia
1936 Death of George V - Abdication of Edward VIII - George VI becomes King
1937 Neville Chamberlain is the new Conservative Prime Minister
January 2 – Anglo-Italian Mediterranean Agreement
1938September 29th -
193931 March - British guarantee on
3. september -
1940Churchill replaces Chamberlain as Prime Minister
British withdrawal from Dunkirk
1941Luftwaffe bombings in many British cities
Battle of Stalingrad
Beveridge Report on Social Security
1943Successful Campaigns in North Africa
Anglo-American armies invade Italy
1944D-Day invasion of France
butler education law
1945May 8 – End of World War II in
August 15 – End of the Far East War
Workers' overwhelming victoryClement Attlee becomes Prime Minister
Start of participation in Greece
Start of disturbances in Arabia Intermittent border conflicts in
Sterling convertibility crisis The pound will only remain freely convertible into the dollar for one month.
Coal and other nationalized industries
Treaty of Dunkirk: A 50-year-old Anglo-French alliance that also included the
1948Start of the Berlin Blockade RAF units participate.
April 18 - Independence Day:
and becomes an independent state.
devaluation of the pound
1950March 29 - Churchill calls for German rearmament
The Korean War Begins
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What major historical events happened in the 1500s? ›
- 1500s: Mississippian culture disappears.
- 1500: Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral officially discovers Brazil and claims the land for Portugal.
- 1501: Safavid dynasty rules Iran until 1736.
- 1503: Leonardo da Vinci begins painting the Mona Lisa and completes it three or four years later.
1521 England – Lutheran writings begin to circulate. 1525 England – Henry VIII seeks an annulment of his marriage, which is refused. 1526 England – Cardinal Wolsey orders the burning of Lutheran books. 1529 England – Henry VIII severs ties with Rome and declares himself head of the English church.What was happening in the early 1500s? ›
1500s–1600s Portugal, Spain, England, and France establish the slave trade from Africa to bring workers to sugar and tobacco plantations in South America and the Caribbean, and later to the cotton plantations in the southern U.S. religious Reformation begins. Protestant religions emerge in Europe.What was life like in the late 1500s in England? ›
In 16th century England, most of the population lived in small villages and made their living from farming. However, towns grew larger and more important. During the 16th century trade and industry grew rapidly and England became a more and more commercial country. Mining of coal, tin, and lead flourished.Who was the English monarch in 1500? ›
Who was Henry VII? Henry VII was king of England from 1485 to 1509. Before taking the throne, he was known as Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond.What was the 1500s era called? ›
Middle Ages, the period in European history from the collapse of Roman civilization in the 5th century ce to the period of the Renaissance (variously interpreted as beginning in the 13th, 14th, or 15th century, depending on the region of Europe and other factors).What major events happened in 1500 BC? ›
1500 BC – 1400 BC: The Battle of the Ten Kings took place around this time. 1500 BC: Coalescence of a number of cultural traits including undecorated pottery, megalithic burials, and millet-bean-rice agriculture indicate the beginning of the Mumun Pottery Period on the Korean peninsula.What was the main cause of death in the 1500s? ›
The plague was one of the biggest killers of the Middle Ages – it had a devastating effect on the population of Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. Also known as the Black Death, the plague (caused by the bacterium called Yersinia pestis) was carried by fleas most often found on rats.What movement began in the early 1500s? ›
The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement that swept through Europe in the 1500s. It resulted in the creation of a branch of Christianity called Protestantism, a name used collectively to refer to the many religious groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church due to differences in doctrine.What English was used in 1500s? ›
Middle English language, the vernacular spoken and written in England from about 1100 to about 1500, the descendant of the Old English language and the ancestor of Modern English.
Why did people come to America in the 1500s? ›
The British settlers came to these new lands for many reasons. Some wanted to make money or set up trade with their home country while others wanted religious freedom. In the early 1600s, the British king began establishing colonies in America.What was considered old in the 1500s? ›
Contrary to the accepted view that people in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were considered old from their forties, in fact they were classified as old between the ages of 60 and 70.How did people live in the 1500? ›
In the 1500s and 1600s almost 90% of Europeans lived on farms or small rural communities. Crop failure and disease was a constant threat to life. Wheat bread was the favorite staple, but most peasants lived on Rye and Barley in the form of bread and beer. These grains were cheaper and higher yield, though less tasty.What was religion like in England in the 1500s? ›
In 1500 England was a Roman Catholic country. By 1750, after the turmoil of the 16th century Reformation and the 17th century civil wars , Britain was the leading Protestant power in Europe.What major events happened in the 1500s in Europe? ›
- Protestant Reformation 1517.
- Austria slowly loses dominance to Spain.
- Age of Exploration, Spain, Portugal and other European Powers.
- New Monarchs prominent.
- Church of England becomes Anglican under Henry VIII.
- Martin Luther and Lutheranism.
- Charles V of HRE/Austria.
- Philip II of Spain.
- King William I, the Conqueror 1066 – 1087.
- King William II, Rufus 1087 – 1100.
- King Henry I 1100 – 1135.
- King Stephen 1135 – 1154.
- Empress Matilda 1141.
- King Edward VII 1901 - 1910.
- King George V 1910 - 1936.
- King Edward VIII June 1936.
- King George VI 1936 - 1952.
- Queen Elizabeth II 1952 - present day.
- Mary I, 1553 – 1558. Also known as Bloody Mary for the civil war that England was plunged into during her reign, Queen Mary I was the first female monarch of England. ...
- Elizabeth I, 1558 -1603. ...
- Anne, 1702 – 1714. ...
- Victoria, 1837 – 1901. ...
- Elizabeth II, 1952 – 2022.
- Aztec Empire.
- Inca Empire.
- Mayan Empire.
- Songhai Empire.
- Ottoman Empire.
- Safavid Empire.
- Mughal Empire.
- Ming Empire.
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art.
What happened in the 1500s in America? ›
1500 – Disappearance of Mississippian culture. 1507 – A new world map by Martin Waldseemuller names the continents of the New World "America" in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. 1508 – First European colony and oldest known European settlement in a United States territory is founded at Caparra, Puerto Rico, by Ponce de Leon.What were the 3 most significant developments in world history prior to 1500? ›
- 31BC – The Battle of Actium. The Battle of Actium permanently changed the governance of the Roman Empire. ...
- 451 – The Battle of Châlons. ...
- 732 – The Battle of Tours. ...
- 1242 – The Battle of the Ice. ...
- 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella Look West.
In the mid-fifteenth century, the powerful empires of the Aztecs and Incas dominated large areas of the Americas.What war was going on in 1500? ›
|Start||Finish||Name of conflict|
|1500||1500||Battle of Hemmingstedt|
|1501||1502||Azov War (1501–1502)|
|1501||1512||Dano-Swedish War (1501–1512) Part of the Dano-Swedish Wars|
1400–1500: to age 69. 1500–1550: to age 71.Was there a plague in England in the 1500s? ›
After the Black Death, the main plague epidemics occurred in 1563, 1593, 1625 and 1665. The first, in 1563, probably caused the greatest proportional mortality of all the London outbreaks, accounting for one-quarter to one-third of the city's population: probably as many as 18,000 people died.What was the Black plague 1500s? ›
The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague pandemic occurring in Western Eurasia and North Africa from 1346 to 1353. It is the most fatal pandemic recorded in human history, causing the deaths of 75–200 million people, peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.What were the 3 main reasons for exploration and colonization in the 1500s? ›
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.What was considered the New World in the 1500s? ›
In contrast, New World history focuses on North America, Central America, and South America. The term New World was developed in 1492 when Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, arrived in the Americas.What did people do for fun in the 1500s? ›
Entertainment at court in Elizabethan times included jousting, dancing, poetry-reading, dramatic performances, hunting, riding, banqueting and concerts.
What is the summary of a brief history of English? ›
In the article "A Brief History of English, the author, proposes that it is important to know English history in order to be able to understand the real English language. He explains that the English language history which shifts gradually for a long period of the time. It is very clear, condensed.What was the most important form of English literature in the 15th century? ›
During the Renaissance Period the most important achievement in English literature was in the field of drama. The dramatists of this golden period include William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Johnson, Lyly, George Peele, Thomas Kyd, Robert Greene and others.What are the factors that made the English language after 1500? ›
The new factors were the printing press, the rapid spread of popular education, the increased communication and means of communication, the growth of specialized knowledge, and the emergence of various forms of self-consciousness about language.Who colonized America in the 1500s? ›
The invasion of the North American continent and its peoples began with the Spanish in 1565 at St. Augustine, Florida.What were the 3 main reasons why English settlers came to America? ›
The motivations were the desire for riches, the hope of freedom of religion or freedom from imprisonment, debt or slavery. All of these people and these reasons contributed to the Americas early settlement.How many years did the British ruled USA? ›
British America comprised the colonial territories of the English Empire, which became the British Empire after the 1707 union of the Kingdom of England with the Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, in the Americas from 1607 to 1783.How did people go to the bathroom in the 1500? ›
Indeed, whether people used chamber pots, private toilets or public lavatories, excrements needed to go somewhere, and sewage was not an option. Waterways provided a convenient way of getting rid of waste. But, when privies were far away from a stream, their owners had to dig a cesspit to keep urine and faeces.What was 1500 education like? ›
There were no public schools, and those who had the privilege of getting an education usually either learned at home with a tutor or from a school run by the church. Because of this, religion informed every subject that students learned.What were houses like in the 1500? ›
They were made with a timber frame filled in with wattle and daub (wickerwork and plaster). In the late 16th century some people built or rebuilt their houses with wooden frames filled in with bricks. Roofs were usually thatched though some well-off people had tiles.What major events happened in the 1500s in America? ›
1500 – Disappearance of Mississippian culture. 1507 – A new world map by Martin Waldseemuller names the continents of the New World "America" in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. 1508 – First European colony and oldest known European settlement in a United States territory is founded at Caparra, Puerto Rico, by Ponce de Leon.
What happened in America during the 1500s? ›
Spanish conquistadors (conquerors) swept through South, Central and part of North America and took control of the land and its people. The Native Americans were no match for the European horses and firearms. Mexico fell in 1591-1521 and Peru in 1531-1538.What war happened in 1500s? ›
|Start||Finish||Name of conflict|
|1509||1509||Battle of Diu Part of the Portuguese battles in the Indian Ocean, Portuguese–Mamluk naval war and Ottoman–Portuguese confrontations|
|1509||1512||Ottoman Civil War|
|1510||1510||Prince of Anhua rebellion|
The Hundred Years' War between England and France is generally considered the most crucial event in the two countries' history. But the trial of Joan of Arc was perhaps even more important. Although the war itself was a major event, Joan of Arc provided the spark that ended the war between England and France.